A severe traumatic brain injury or TBI can be life-altering and catastrophic. According to Mayo Clinic, TBIs occur with a violent jolt or blow to the head. They can also occur if you suffer a gunshot or other piercing injury.
TBIs can result in long-term disability or complications.
Symptoms of severe TBI
When you suffer a severe TBI, you will most likely lose consciousness for a few minutes or several hours. Your headaches will persist, along with the possibility of seizures and convulsions. Other symptoms may include:
- Clear fluid drainage
- Numbness in fingers or toes
- Loss of coordination
The symptoms of severe TBI do not only include physical symptoms. Your speech may become slurred, you may be more confused or combative with others. You may have also experienced a prolonged unconsciousness or coma.
Complications of a TBI
There are a variety of complications that might occur after a TBI. Some patients develop seizures that could last for years following the injury. While some may only face seizures, in the beginning, it is possible to develop post-traumatic epilepsy. Frequent headaches and vertigo are also common complications that can persist following a TBI.
Most complications can alter the way that you live your life. If you suffered a skull fracture, you are more at risk of infection. When an infection reaches the brain, it can affect the nervous system. Likewise, blood vessels can suffer damage and lead to strokes or blood clots.
Another complication is hydrocephalus. This a fluid buildup in your brain. Essentially the fluid builds up and causes swelling and pressure.